What is GRE ?

The GRE is most widely Acceptance test for Graduate Student, It is conducted by the educational testing service, often referred to as the ETS. In India, the GER is conducted as an computer based test, At several prometric and non-prometric test center at most major cities.

Note that the GRE is more of the analytical skill then your technical knowledge & has 3 section verbal, quantitative, analytic writing assignment.

Test Content

The GRE® General Test is a computer-delivered test that features question types that closely reflect the kind of thinking you’ll do — and the skills you need to succeed — in today's demanding graduate school programs, including business and law. The test-taker friendly design lets you skip questions within a section, go back and change answers and have the flexibility to choose which questions within a section you want to answer first. Get a look at the structure of the GRE General Test.

The GRE General Test measures your verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking and analytical writing skills — skills that have been developed over a long period of time and are not related to a specific field of study but are important for all. Here's a look at content covered in the three test sections: Analytical Writing, Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning.

Analytical Writing

The Analytical Writing section measures your ability to:

  • Articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively
  • Support ideas with relevant reasons and examples
  • Examine claims and accompanying evidence
  • Sustain a well-focused, coherent discussion
  • control the elements of standard written English

The Analytical Writing section requires you to provide focused responses based on the tasks presented, so you can accurately demonstrate your skill in directly responding to a task.

Verbal Reasoning

The Verbal Reasoning section measures your ability to:

  • analyze and draw conclusions from discourse; reason from incomplete data; identify author's assumptions and/or perspective; understand multiple levels of meaning, such as literal, figurative and author's intent.
  • select important points; distinguish major from minor or irrelevant points; summarize text; understand the structure of a text.
  • understand the meaning of individual words, sentences and entire texts; understand relationships among words and among concepts.

The Verbal Reasoning section of the GRE® General Test contains three types of questions:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Text Completion
  • Sentence Equivalence

Sample Multiple-choice Question — Select One Answer Choice

1. The passage implies which of the following about the current cost of generating electricity?

  1. It is higher than it would be if better technologies for capturing carbon dioxide were available.
  2. It is somewhat less than the cost of electricity transmission and distribution.
  3. It constitutes at most half of the delivered price of electricity.
  4. It is dwelt on by policymakers to the exclusion of other costs associated with electricity delivery.
  5. It is not fully recovered by the prices charged directly to electricity consumers.

Correct Answer: C

Quantitative Reasoning

The Quantitative Reasoning section measures your ability to:

understand, interpret and analyze quantitative information solve problems using

  • mathematical models
  • apply basic skills and elementary concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data analysis The Quantitative Reasoning section includes an on-screen calculator.

Questions of this type ask you to compare two quantities — Quantity A and Quantity B — and then determine which of four statements describes the comparison.

2. The figure above shows the graph of the function f defined by f(x)=|2x|+4 for all numbers x. For which of the following functions g, defined for all numbers x, does the graph of g intersect the graph of f ?

  1. g(x) = x-2
  2. g(x) = x+3
  3. g(x) = 2x-2
  4. g(x) = 2x+3
  5. g(x) = 3x-2

Correct Answer: E

Measure Number of Questions Allotted Time
Analytical Writing(One section with two separately timed tasks) One "Analyze an Issue" task and one "Analyze an Argument" task 30 minutes per task
Verbal Reasoning (Two sections) 20 questions per section 30 minutes per section
Quantitative Reasoning (Two sections) 20 questions per section 35 minutes per section
Unscored¹ Varies Varies
Research² Varies Varies

Test Fairness and Validity

ETS and the GRE® Program make ensuring the fairness and validity of GRE tests throughout the test development, administration and scoring processes a high priority. To ensure that these goals are reached, ETS has developed a meticulous system of internal checks and balances, and audit teams routinely verify that all tests and services meet rigorous professional standards such as those outlined by the American Psychological Association, American Educational Research Association and National Council on Measurement in Education.


Fairness concerns are an integral part of the development and scoring of all tests. The many activities that ensure fairness include:

  • fairness evaluations by trained reviewers
  • routine analyses of test questions to establish that questions do not unfairly contribute to group differences
  • rigorous training for all persons involved in the development or scoring of test questions to ensure that all test takers have an equal opportunity to demonstrate their skills and abilities
  • appropriate accommodations (e.g., alternate test formats, extra time) for test takers who have disabilities or health-related needs

Validity research and analyses establish that the test measures what it is supposed to measure. The GRE Program has documented evidence of the following types of validity in GRE tests:

  • construct validity (the test measures the skills/abilities that should be measured)
  • content validity (the test measures appropriate content)
  • predictive validity (the test predicts success)
  • consequential validity (the test demonstrates that adverse consequences are minimal)
  • external validity (the test has the expected relationship with other measures of the same construct)

Although ETS works to accumulate validity evidence at each stage of the delivery and scoring process, the initial impetus for validity research comes from feedback from members of the graduate school community, who provide information about the skills and abilities that they consider essential for success in graduate school.

Verbal Reasoning Section

The Verbal Reasoning section of the GRE® General Test measures skills that faculty have identified through surveys as important for graduate-level success. The capabilities that are assessed include:

  • the ability to understand text (such as the ability to understand the meaning of individual sentences, to summarize a text or to distinguish major points from irrelevant points in a passage)
  • the ability to interpret discourse (such as the ability to draw conclusions, to infer missing information or to identify assumptions)
Quantitative Reasoning Section

The Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE General Test measures skills that are consistent with those outlined in the Mathematical Association of America's Quantitative Reasoning for College Graduates: A Complement to the Standards. The skills that are assessed in the GRE quantitative measure include:

  • reading and understanding quantitative information
  • interpreting and analyzing quantitative information, including drawing inferences from data
  • using mathematical methods to solve quantitative problems
Analytical Writing Section

Interviews with graduate-level faculty, surveys of graduate-level faculty and the work of the GRE Writing Test Committee have consistently identified critical thinking and writing skills as important for success in graduate programs.

The two tasks that comprise the Analytical Writing section (evaluating an issue and evaluating an argument) are both considered essential in many fields of graduate study. Thus, the structure of the test can be shown to have content validity because the test assesses skills identified by the graduate community as essential for success in many fields of graduate-level work.

Other types of validity evidence, such as construct validity, are documented in a variety of studies. In particular, large validity studies were conducted during the development of the Analytical Writing section, such as: